Quest For Japan Logo-Ver7

Basic Japanese : Numbers in Japanese from eleven to hundreds (and Zero)

Date Published: Last Update:2015/05/13 Others , , , , ,

Numbers in Japanese : Zero and over ten to hundreds

Zero and from 11 to 999.

Zero in Japanese

Zero

“Zero” or “Rei”.
“Zero” from English, and “Rei” from Chinese.
The pronunciation of “rei” is almost the same as English “lay”.

Both are very commonly used, and generally considered as the same meaning.
In fact, they aren’t.
When you see Japanese weather forecast, you may hear the word “Rei paasento” (“0 %”) for chance-of-rain.
However, no forecasters will say “Zero paasento”.

“Zero” means “nothing”, “no amount”.
“Rei” means “very little (amount)” as well as “nothing”.
In Japan, forecasters say “Rei paasento” when the rainfall probability is under 5 %.
So, “Rei paasento” in Japanese forecast means that there is a very little probability of rain.
That’s why they use “rei”, not “zero”.

For time, we use “rei”.
Ex.) “0:05″ is “rei-ji go-fun”.

Tens place

Eleven to nineteen

It’s the combination of “jyuu” (ten) and single digit.
For fourteen, “jyuu-shi” or “jyuu-yon”.
For seventeen, “jyuu-shichi” or “jyuu-nana”.
For nineteen, “jyuu-ku” or “jyuu-kyuu”.

Twenty and over

The combination of “one to ten number” and “jyuu”.
For forty, we usually say “yon-jyuu”, but “shi-jyuu” is also acceptable.
For seventy, both “shichi-jyuu” and “nana-jyuu” are fine.
For ninety, we say “kyuu-jyuu”, never “ku-jyuu” except for “99” which can be read as “ku-jyuu ku”.

Ex.)

  • “44” is “yon-jyuu yon” or “yon-jyuu shi”.
    “Shi-jyuu shi” is OK, but “shi-jyuu yon” sounds rather strange to me.
  • “77” is “shichi-jyuu shichi” or “nana-jyuu nana”.
    “Shichi-jyuu nana” or “nana-jyuu shichi” is understood, but I guess that most people use the same sound for the tenth digit and the single digit.
  • “99” is “kyuu-jyuu kyuu”.
    “Ku-jyuu ku” is possible as I wrote above, although I feel that it’s much less common.

    There is a place called “Ku-jyuu ku ri hama” (lit. “Ninety-nine ri beach”) in Japan.
    “Ri” is an old unit for distance.

    I’m not sure if “Kyuu-jyuu ku” is used or not.
    At least I’ve never said that way for “99”.

Hundreds place

Hyaku

For digits over ten, “4” is always read as “yon” and “9” as “kyuu”.
“7” is generally “nana”.

“Hundred” in Japanese is “hyaku”, and basically, it’s the combination of “one to nine number” and “hyaku” (and numbers from one to ninety-nine).
However, some of them are pronounced differently.

  • “100” is just “hyaku”.
    We don’t say “ichi-hyaku”.
  • “101” is “hyaku ichi”.
  • “300” becomes “san-byaku”.
  • “400” is “yon-hyaku”, never “shi-hyaku”.
  • “600” is changed into “roppyaku”.
  • “700” is “nana-hyaku”, not “shichi-hyaku”.
  • “777” is the most commonly “nana-hyaku nana-jyuu nana”.
    I assume that it is easier to say than “nana-hyaku shichi-jyuu shichi” or else.
  • “800” becomes “happyaku”.
    When “800” is written in Kanji as a part of a word, it may be read as “yao”.

    Yao

    “Yao-ya” literally means “800 house”, but it actually means “greengrocery”.
    The literal meaning of “yao-yorozu” is “8 million”.
    For “8 million”, we read this word as “happyaku-man”, but when we express about numbers of gods in Japan, we say “yao-yorozu no kami” (“Kami” means “god”).
    In this case, it means “numerous”.
    I think that now this is the only pattern when the word is read as “yao-yorozu”.

  • “900” is “kyuu-hyaku”, never “ku-hyaku”.

 

Related posts:
#Numbers (1: General one to ten)
(2: Minor one to ten)

#Japanese Alphabet (1: “Gojyuu-on” and “iroha-uta”)
(2: Out-of-use characters)
(3: First half of “iroha-uta”)
(4: Second half of “iroha-uta”)

#“I” in Japanese (1) (2) (3)

#Japanese honorific titles (1:Formal) (2:Casual) (3:In text) (4:Business titles)

The following two tabs change content below.

kara

A Japanese living in Okayama. A proud "Otaku"! Loves animals, snacks, manga, games (PC, iPad, Nintendo DS, PSP), foreign TV dramas, traveling and football (soccer).

Sponsored Links

  • Pocket
  • 1 follow us in feedly

Related Article/s:

Neko tan

Basic Japanese : Casual Japanese honorific titles

The following titles are commonly used casual Japanese honorific titles and very rarely used titles. Never ever use any of these to higher ranking people or your customers unless you are very close to the person. If you are not so sure which title to use to somebody, the person’s family name with “san” is […]

Read Article

Japanese Number List 2

Basic Japanese : Numbers – Minor one to ten in Japanese

One to ten in Japanese 2 In this post, I’m going to write minor version of one to ten in Japanese. I doubt if this is introduced in Japanese textbooks for foreign people. This is still used, but rather rare I guess. Also, it’s less favourable in the formal conversations or texts. Minor ways to […]

Read Article

Dazaifu 06

Go west : Sugawara no Michizane – Legends

There are mysterious legends around Sugawara no Michizane. Most of them are episodes after he was framed by his political enemy. Michizane and the flying plum tree This legend is very well-known along with the following poem. The night before he left his home in Kyoto, the capital at that time, he composed a poem […]

Read Article

Lady saying "Arigatou"

Basic Japanese : “Arigatou” – “Thank you” in Japanese

There are several ways of saying “Thank you” in Japanese. In this post, I am going to explain the most common phrase for “Thank you”. Arigatou (gozai masu / mashita) The phrase was derived from “Arigatashi”, which literally means “difficult to be”. The Kanji in “ari” means “there is” or “be (there)”, and another in […]

Read Article

Go-chisou sama!

Basic Japanese : “Go-chisou sama” – Phrase after meal

Go-chisou sama (deshita) This phrase is said after meal. It expresses appreciation to people who prepared or cooked the meal. “Chisou” literally means “running around”. The Kanji character for “chi” means “run fast” or “travel fast on horseback / by car”. The “sou” character means “run”. People used to run around (or ride around on […]

Read Article

Kitano Tenman-guu 2

Go west : Tenman-guu to console Michizane

“Kitano Tenman-guu” in Kyoto to console Michizane In 942, Michizane’s spirit showed up before a girl from a poor family in Kyoto and ordered to build a shrine for him in “Ukon no baba” (“hippodrome controlled by the right guard office”), the place where he often visited during his life. Of course she didn’t have […]

Read Article

"I" attack

Basic Japanese : How to say “I” in Japanese – Part 1 –

In Japanese, there are many ways to call yourself. Here, I’m trying to explain the differences of each word, but please note they are my own personal impressions and other Japanese may not feel the same way. The word “I” in Japanese Although we have many words for “I”, it is frequently omitted. If you […]

Read Article

Itadaki masu image

Basic Japanese : “Itadaki masu” – Phrase before meal

When I watch foreign TV dramas, I sometimes see Christian people praying before meal. It seems that the prayer is to appreciate God who have given them food. In Japan, maybe Christians do the same, but I guess most of people say certain phrases before and after dinner instead of a prayer. If you love […]

Read Article

Vowing Man

Basic Japanese : “Sumimasen” – “Thank you” in Japanese

“Thank you” in Japanese other than “Arigatou” “Arigatou (gozai masu)” is the common phrase, but there are other phrases for “Thank you” in Japanese. Sumimasen The phrase is also very common and frequently heard in Japan. (Maybe more often used than “Arigatou”). This has several meanings : “I’m sorry.” “Excuse me.” “Thank you (and I’m […]

Read Article

Masakado

Mystery tour: Taira no Masakado – Part 1 –

Roll up for the mystery tour! This one can be categorized as an urban legend as well. Masakado no Kubi-zuka (The burial mound for Masakado’s head)   Quick History Taira no Masakado is said to be one of the Big Three Onryou (vengeful spirit) in Japan. There are some novels about Masakado, and “Teito Monogatari” […]

Read Article

Sponsored Links

Leave a Reply

Sponsored Links

  • Google+
    InstagramInstagram
PAGE TOP ↑