Quest For Japan Logo-Ver7

Golden Week – Shōwa Day

Date Published: Last Update:2015/05/25 Traditional Culture , , ,

Tomorrow in Japan is Shōwa Day. It is the start of the so-called Golden Week (ゴールデンウィーク, Gōruden Wīku). Often abbreviated as GW, Golden Week is a term applied to a series of public holidays between April and May.

Golden Week

The current holidays celebrated during this period are:

April 29 – Shōwa Day (昭和の日, Shōwa no Hi)

May 3 – Constitution Memorial Day (憲法記念日, Kenpō Kinenbi)

May 4 – Greenery Day (みどりの日, Midori no Hi)

May 5 – Children’s Day (こどもの日, Kodomo no Hi)

When a public holiday lands on a Sunday, the next day that is not already a holiday becomes a holiday for that year. In some cases, a Compensation Holiday (振替休日 Furikae Kyūjitsu) is held on either April 30 or May 6 should any of the Golden Week holidays fall on Sunday; 2012, 2013, and 2014, have had Compensation Holidays for Shōwa Day, Children’s Day, and Greenery Day, respectively, and 2015 will have Constitution Memorial Day fall on Sunday, requiring another consecutive year with a Compensation Holiday. Thus, May 6 of this year will also be a holiday.

Shōwa Day

Tomorrow is the Shōwa Day. It is is a Japanese annual holiday held on April 29. It honors the birthday of the Shōwa Emperor (Hirohito), the reigning emperor from 1926 to 1989. The purpose of the holiday is to encourage public reflection on the turbulent 63 years of Hirohito’s reign and a day for remembering the Showa Era, when the Japanese people worked hard to rebuild the country, and for wishing for a bright future.

The holiday was not known as Shōwa Day until 2007. Before 1985, it is known as The Emperor’s Birthday (天皇誕生日 Tennō tanjōbi), the national holiday to celebrate the reigning emperor’s birth date, as Emperor Hirohito was born on April 29, 1901. When he died on January 7, 1989, April 29 was subsequently no longer celebrated as The Emperor’s Birthday but instead as Greenery Day because of the late Emperor’s love of nature.

After many attempts since 2000, Greenery Day finally won approval to be renamed Shōwa Day in May 2005, and the decision to move the date of Greenery Day from April 29 to May 4 was taken.

vacation

(Image from AC-Illust)

Coincidentally, Shōwa day happens in the same date that in 1946 the AlliesInternational Military Tribunal for the Far East condemned key officials of the Imperial Hirohito government during World War II to death, including former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo.

The holiday, as it was officially made holiday, is the time to reflect on the Shōwa Era, where Japan is the verge of subsequent recovery. For some though, as it is the start of the Golden Week, it’s also when most Japanese start their vacation.

References:

1. Golden Week. Wikipedia.

2. Shōwa Day. Wikipedia.

The following two tabs change content below.

Sponsored Links

  • Pocket
  • 1 follow us in feedly

Related Article/s:

kagamimochi

New Year Holidays in Japan: Mochi

Japan is home to different types of cakes and snacks. Every prefecture has their own version of a snack. One of the popular food in Japan especially during the New Year holiday season is mochi or the Japanese rice cake. The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts harorudo Latest posts by harorudo (see all) […]

Read Article

Go

Let’s Play “Go”! – History of the Board Game Go

The game of ‘Go’ has its origin in China 4,000 years ago. It is more than 1,300 years since ‘Go’ was introduced to Japan. During these centuries, the ancient Chinese form of ‘Go’ has been modified and improved by the Japanese. ‘Go’ as it is played today is an indoor game which has no further […]

Read Article

Wrong kunoich

We are ninjas: The word “ninja”

When I was a child, “ninja” was not known worldwide like today. Of course it was very popular in Japan, but famous ninja anime / manga (“Sasuke” and “Kamui” by Sanpei Shirato were probably the best-known at that time) were for rather adults than kids to compare with the present “Nintama Rantarou” or “Naruto”, although […]

Read Article

12373664483_237f540c51_m

New Year Holidays in Japan: Japanese Traditional Games

As kids, we all played games and while living in Japan I wondered what sort of games do kids here play. Were the games they played similar to the games I used to play growing up back home? Do they also roll over the dirt, enjoy playing catch or maybe play hide and seek? Or […]

Read Article

midori no hi

Golden Week – Constitution Memorial Day and Greenery Day

Continuing our feature about Japan’s Golden Week, this post will feature the second and third holidays, the Constitution Memorial Day and Greenery Day. Constitution Memorial Day The Constitution Memorial Day, or Kenpō Kinenbi (憲法記念日) as it is known in Japan, is a national holiday in Japan that is celebrated every May 3. The date signifies […]

Read Article

Men_(kendo)

Kendo, The Way of the Sword – Kendo Equipment

In our previous post about kendo, we learned about its history. In this post, we will learn about the kendo equipment. As the All Japan Kendo Federation (AJKF) restored kendo and fight against the ban after the declaration of Japan’s independence, they then published “The Concept and Purpose of Kendo”. The Purpose of Kendo Its […]

Read Article

hatsumoude

New Year Holidays in Japan: Hatsumoude

Happy New Year! Everything you do in the first days of the New Year can mean something or will affect the whole year. Hatsu or “first” of something are important according to Japanese culture: the first shrine visit, first dreams, and the first sunrise have impacts on how your year will turn out. The following […]

Read Article

Sakura - hanami -

Hanami

Imagine yourself standing underneath a canopy of Cherry Blossom trees (Sakura) in full bloom, its delicate petals slowly dancing in the gentle spring breeze blowing. Its sounds like a scene from a movie right? But for the Japanese people these is no movie, it happens every spring. The annual Hanami – the Japanese tradition of […]

Read Article

A couple enjoying the view at Ginshoji

Momijigari: Hunting for Autumn Colors

I have never been to any form of hunting trip till my friends and I head out to Kyoto this year to experience Momijigari which literally translates to maple leaf (momiji) hunting (gari). Just like Hanami (sakura viewing) in spring, Momijigari in autumn is well rooted in the Japanese culture and recently has also gained […]

Read Article

2713575970_3b3a73069b_z

Japanese Summer – A Season of Fireworks and Dance Festivals 1

It’s summer time now in Japan. If you know how hot and sweaty you can be during summer in Japan, then you also know that summer is also the time of fireworks and dance festivals. Almost every night of summer in Japan has fireworks, it may be coming from a small village or a big […]

Read Article

Sponsored Links

Leave a Reply

Sponsored Links

  • Google+
    InstagramInstagram
PAGE TOP ↑