Quest For Japan Logo-Ver7

Pyoon! Nyan! Pachi! – Learning the Japanese Onomatopoeia 2

Date Published: Last Update:2015/05/19 Traditional Culture , , , , ,

In our last post about Japanese onomatopoeias, we talked about the first type which is the giseigo or words that mimic human and animal sounds. This time, we will talk about the other two types: giongo and gitaigo.

As we mentioned in the last post, the Japanese language is full of onomatopoeias. Some of them sound funny and some are hard to say. Though you will sound childish, but you can actually describe something that happened through the use of these onomatopoeias.

Giongo (擬音語)

These words are sound effects that don’t fall under the first type, giseigo, which are words that are naturally produced by humans and other living things. It may describe the rainfall, the movement of the clock, an explosion, or the blowing of the wind. These type of words are also usually seen in Japanese manga (Japanese for comics).

Sound Japanese (romaji) Japanese (katakana)
screech kii キイ
explosion don ドン
heart thumping doki-doki ドキドキ
sparkle pika-pika ピカピカ
knock on the door don-don ドンドン
silence shin シーン
sizzle piri-piri ピリピリ
full stomach pan-pan パンパン
empty stomach peko-peko ペコペコ
gulp goku-goku ゴクゴク
chomp/munch paku-paku パクパク
chewing musha-musha むしゃむしゃ
slurp zuu-zuu ズーズー
jump pyon-pyon ピョンピョン
long jump/leap pyoon ピョオン
snapping/crackling pachi パチ
pouring rain zaa-zaa ザーザー
wind pyuu ピュウ
rain para-para パラパラ
heat (from fire/sun) kan-kan カンカン
thunder goro-goro ゴロゴロ
don!

ドーン!! read as “don!” is a very common giongo. It signifies excitement or something has appeared. (Image from AC-Illust)

Gitaigo (擬態語)

Unlike the first two types, the giseigo and giongo, this type doesn’t try to imitate a sound of what it is describing. They don’t have a direct English equivalent. Gitaigo are called mimetic words because they try to mimic actions or qualities without necessarily imitating a sound. They describe feelings, qualities, and other silent actions.

Sound Japanese (romaji) Japanese (katakana/hiragana)
brisk, energetic kibi-kibi きびきび
clattering, rattling gara-gara ガラガラ
quickly dondon どんどん
plenty tappuri たっぷり
careless/carefree nou-nou ノウノウ
just barely girigiri ぎりぎり
stare jitto / jii じっと・じー
mumble/grumble butsu-butsu ぶつぶつ
chit-chat pecha-pecha ペチャペチャ
get excited waku-waku わくわく
smile niko-niko ニコニコ
isolated potsuri ポツリ
irritated ira-ira イライラ
feeling uneasy odo-odo オドオド
careless/thoughtless uka-uka うかうか
sweating dara-dara だらだら
shock/embarrassment Gaan ガーン
menacing/something big is approaching gogo (can be repeated many times) ゴゴ

 

Japanese onomatopoeias sure are interesting. They add liveliness to a conversation and enhances your imagination. What are other Japanese onomatopoeias that you know? Share it with us in the comments section below!

References:

1. Japanese Onomatopoeia Guide. Tofugu.

2. Manga Tutorials – Japanese Sound Effects List. Manga Tutorials.

3. Japanese Onomatopoeia: Giseigo, Giongo, and Gitaigo. Udemy.

The following two tabs change content below.

Sponsored Links

  • Pocket
  • 1 follow us in feedly

Related Article/s:

093818

Let’s Get Physical – Celebrate Health and Sports Day Today!

Today is Health and Sports Day in Japan (体育の日Taiiku no Hi). It is a national holiday that is held annually to commemorate the 1964 Summer Olympics that was held in Tokyo. Nowadays, it still exists to promote sports and active lifestyle among the Japanese. The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts harorudo Latest posts […]

Read Article

kana cards

Kotoba Asobi: Goroawase

Goroawase (語呂合わせ) is a form of Japanese wordplay whereby homophonous words are associated with a given series of letters, numbers or symbols, in order to associate a new meaning with that series. The new words can be used to express a superstition about certain letters or numbers. More commonly, however, goroawase is used as a […]

Read Article

Gohan Kamehame Wave

Anime: Top 10 moves

Silly at times, but cool most of the time. Signature moves in Japanese anime are very common. You’ll find them in most animes that have a lot of fight scenes, and animes that feature sports. Here’s my top 10 favorite signature moves. My Top 10 Favorite Signature Moves 10. Phantom Shot Character: Tetsuya Kuroko Anime: […]

Read Article

real life tanuki

Are you okay, Tanuki? – The Japanese Raccoon Dog in Legends and Popular Culture

Last time, we talked about the sly kitsune or the Japanese fox. In this post, we will feature another animal that is popular in Japanese legends and myths and just like the kitsune, is sometimes depicted as a trickster, the tanuki or the Japanese raccoon dog. Tanuki, Not Your Ordinary Raccoon Though they look like […]

Read Article

sumo heya

Sumo: More Than Just a Martial Art – Professional Sumo

As noted in our previous posts about sumo, it is a Japanese style of wrestling and Japan’s national sport. It originated in ancient times as a performance to entertain the Shinto deities. The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts harorudo Latest posts by harorudo (see all) Kaomoji: Expressing Emotions Through Text 2 – June […]

Read Article

School in Takahashi

Takahashi in Okayama, Japan -Part 2-

The Bicchuu Matsuyama Castle in Takahashi city(2) When I reached the top, I found a tea server. “Bicchuu Uji-cha”, a local tea was served and it was free. “Thank god, I can cool my throat”, I thought, but surprisingly it was steaming hot! I didn’t want to waste my tea, so I waited until it […]

Read Article

10933010884_bef367e053_z

Kendo, The Way of The Sword – Kendo Kata

Kendo kata are fixed patterns that teach kendoka the basic elements of swordsmanship. The kata include fundamental techniques of attacking and counter-attacking, and have useful practical application in general kendo. The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts harorudo Latest posts by harorudo (see all) Kaomoji: Expressing Emotions Through Text 2 – June 3, 2015 […]

Read Article

Shogi_osho

Shogi, The General’s Board Game – Shogi Rules and Strategies

This will be the last part of the Shogi series. In case you missed the first posts about shogi, here they are: History and Origin, Shogi Pieces, Board and Gameplay. In this post, we will learn more about the shogi rules and strategies. The following two tabs change content below.BioLatest Posts harorudo Latest posts by […]

Read Article

Japanese tally five

Counting: Japanese tally and gesture

The “Correct” counting method in Japan How do you write when you count numbers of items? I know tally marks which are used in many countries, but Japanese people don’t use them. Instead, a certain Kanji character is used. The character means “correct”. As you can see, this consists of five lines. On counting, it […]

Read Article

furisode

Seijin no Hi or Coming of Age Day

Coming of Age Day Today is Seijin no Hi (成人の日) or Coming of Age Day in Japan. It is a national holiday held every second Monday of January. It is held in order to congratulate all those who have newly entered adulthood or those who turned 20 years old in the past year and encourage […]

Read Article

Sponsored Links

Leave a Reply

Sponsored Links

  • Google+
    InstagramInstagram
PAGE TOP ↑