Go west : Dazaifu in Fukuoka – General Info
Dazaifu is very popular place for its shrine among Japanese people, especially students taking an exams.
(I’ll tell you the reason in another post.)
Historically, it’s also known as a government organisation to control Kyushu area in the old times.
“Dazaifu” – The organisation
The original organisation is supposed to be located in Hakata area, and it was called as “Nanotsu-no-miyake”.
In “Nihon Shoki” (The Chronicles of Japan), there is a description that the Emperor ordered to build a major stronghold (or warehouse?) by “Nanotsu” in 536.
He commanded his men to carry stockpiles from warehouses in several areas to “Nanotsu” to prepare for greeting foreign guests properly and famine.
(During 535 and 536, it is said that people had been suffered from the worldwide cold weather.)
Then, the base was moved to southern area, probably in the seventh century after the huge defeat in the Battle of Baekgang in 663.
Japan and Baekje (one of the Three Kingdoms in Korea) fought against the allied forces of the Tang dynasty (ancient China) and Silla (another one of the Three Kingdoms), and lost.
Baekje submitted to Silla, and Japanese government was afraid of invasion from Tang and / or Silla.
Assumingly, the government thought that Hakata was too near to those countries to resist their possible attacks.
Dazaifu was fortified with castles and designed according to feng shui.
Now, only its foundation stones are left.
I couldn’t get there this time because it’s far from the Dazaifu station and I haven’t got enough time.
“Dazaifu” – The place
The place was where the organisation was located.
Pronunciations of both words are exactly the same, but Kanji characters are different.
In fact, I didn’t know this.
How to get there
On this trip, I just went to the place “Dazaifu”, so I just explain how to get to the Dazaifu station.
(You need to get off at a different station to go to the location of the organisation.)
From the Hakata JR station, take a tube (subway) to Tenjin.
Then get out of the ticket gate and go to the private railway station, “Nishitetsu Fukuoka (Tenjin)”.
Take a (limited) express to “Futsukaichi”, then transfer to a local train to “Dazaifu”.
No extra fee is required for a (limited) express.
It takes about 30 minutes.
As of March 2015, it costs 600 yen (200 yen for Hakata to Tenjin and 400 yen from Hakata to Dazaifu).
For more details about “Nishitetsu”, see the official website.
There is an express bus service by “Nishitetsu” from Hakata Bus Terminal by the Hakata station.
It takes about 45 minutes and costs 600 yen.
Fukuoka Tourist City Pass
Only available to foreign people.
You need to show your passport on your purchase.
Can be used for buses (served by two companies), JR (and Nishitetsu) trains, and the tube in Hakata.
“Fukuoka City and Dazaifu” Pass
1340 yen for adult as of March 2015.
If you are going to Dazaifu from Hakata, probably this is the best buy.
For more information, see here.
#Dazaifu (2: Michizane – general)
(3: Michizane – legends)
(4: Michizane – vengeance)
(5: Michizane – Tenman-guu)
(6: Dazaifu – to the main shrine)
(7: Dazaifu – the main shrine and around)
(8: Dazaifu – Kyushu National Museum)
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